When an animal scratches or bites braking the skin, a number of problems can arise, the most important is infection cause by the animal’s saliva. A dog bite may be a minor injury or a severe attack specially in children.
If a dog bites you should demand immediately from the dog owner proof of immunization, rabies is very dangerous and it can kill if not treated on time, if the dog is foaming from the mouth is a sign of rabies. If you don’t know the owner of the dog, the animal should be catch in order to be tested for diseases.
- Wash the dog bite thoroughly with warm water and soap for more then 5 minutes to remove the saliva rinse with cold water and place a gauze on it.
- Take Vitamin C it helps fight infection.
- Take vitamin B it helps to produce antibodies. (See below for the vitamin we recommend)
- If the bite is big, see a doctor it may be necessary to be stitched.
- Take Echinacea in tea form.
- Approach the cat carefully, and make sure to restrain the cat if it is excited or nervous.
- Clip the hair around the wound to assess the damage.
- Flush the cat’s bite wound thoroughly by pouring 3 percent hydrogen peroxide into it. Do not use any other antiseptic. This is one of the major complications of a bite.
- Examine the cat’s bite wound. If the tissue under the wound appears to pass by when you move the skin, the wound will probably require stitches.
- Do not bandage the wound. Allow the wound to drain unless there is excessive bleeding. If the wound does bleed excessively, follow these step.
- Cover the wound with a clean cloth, sterile dressing, or sanitary napkin.
- Place your hand over the dressing and press firmly.
- Keep pressure on the dressing to stop the bleeding. If blood soaks through the dressing, do not remove it. Apply more dressing and continue to apply pressure until the bleeding stops.
- If the wound is deep enough to require stitches, transport the cat to the veterinarian immediately.
- If the biting animal is destroyed, take it to the veterinarian for a rabies examination. Do not touch it with your bare hands. Be sure to wear gloves or wrap the body in a blanket. Your veterinarian will take care of the rabies examination.
- If your cat is not currently vaccinated for rabies, contact the veterinarian.
- Don’t approach a wild rat — generally, they’re more afraid of you than you are from them. If the rat is a pet and its owner is around, instruct him or her to secure the rat. Rats will bite or scratch if frightened or handled, so leave them alone.
- If you are not the victim, practice universal precautions and wear personal protective equipment if available.
- Control any bleeding by following the appropriate steps. Avoid using a tourniquet unless there is severe bleeding that cannot be controlled any other way.
- Once the bleeding is controlled, clean the wound with soap and warm water. Clean inside the wound, being sure to rinse away all the soap, or it will cause irritation later.
- Wounds on the face or hands should always be evaluated by a physician because of the likelihood of scarring and loss of function.
- 2 to 4 days after the onset of fever, a rash may occur on the hands and feet, and one or more large joints may become swollen, red, and painful.
- Apply a light constricting band about 2″ above and below the bite, however never place the bands on either side of a joint (such as above and below the knee or elbow). This band should be made up of wide, soft material, which could be a handkerchief or shredded clothing. The band should only be as tight as the band the nurse applies when taking a blood test.
- Wash the bite with soap and water (if available).
- If the victim has to walk out, sit calmly for 20-30 minutes to let the venom localize at the site, then proceed calmly to the nearest source of help and try to avoid unnecessary exertion which will stimulate circulation of the venom.
- Get the victim to definitive medical care for antivenin, which will provide the greatest relief from the toxic effects of the bite.
- This homemade repellent should be used directly on the snake; it is a good repellent to keep on your person, along with pepper spray for human attackers. Wildlife Services (WS) have found that spraying either cinnamon oil or clove oil on a snake will make it vacate the area. Generally, the snake will slither in the opposite direction of the spray or to a sheltered area; therefore avoid spraying the snake from behind in case it retreats in your direction.
- This repellent is non-toxic, but before making the repellent remember to put on a mask covering your nose and mouth because sulphur smells .
- The myth is that the heat from the cayenne pepper will burn the snake’s skin, but snakes have resilient scaly skin, so it is ineffective. Use the moth balls, sulphur powder or oil mixtures instead.