Precautions and Care during Pregnancy: Pregnancy is a phase in woman’s life during which multiple hormonal changes take place. Changes in hormone levels during pregnancy can generate a wide range of changes. Mood swings, food cravings, heartburn, swollen feet, morning sickness, sleeping a lot , weight gain, spotting and constipation are just a few of the changes. During pregnancy, you’ll probably get advice from everybody. But staying healthy depends on you. Read about the ways to keep you and your baby healthy during pregnancy.
Pregnancy Aches and Pains
- Aches and pains are common during third trimester, especially around joints and hips.
- Relaxin, a hormone that loosens joints and ligaments of a pregnant woman, is produced during the last trimester. The hormone production is the reason for several pains and aches, especially the ones felt in and around ligament (which connects the uterus to the groin). Pain in the sciatic nerve is also linked with relaxin hormone, which begins in the lower back and through to the hips and down the legs.
- As the delivery date approaches, fears and anxieties grow manifolds. Emotional response to labour could be a booster for some women, but can increase worry for some
The first three months of pregnancy is the most crucial stage in your baby’s development as all organs are forming. Throughout your pregnancy, but especially during the first three months, be very careful about using alcohol, drugs and medication. The following information outlines substances that require special precautions during pregnancy. Instructions are also given on how to keep track of fetal movements, an important sign of your baby’s health.Avoid alcoholic drink, drug etc.
- Fish and seafood
- Food additives
- Food handling concerns
- Medications and herbs
- Saunas and hot tubs
- Fetal solvent syndrome – risk for major birth defects
- Video Display Terminals (VDTs)
- Other precautions and concerns
- Informational hotlines – chemical use and precautions
Fish and seafood
Fish and seafood are excellent low-fat sources of many nutrients and an important part of a healthy diet. However, there is a concern about eating fish and seafood during pregnancy, since some types may contain high levels of mercury. To be safe, choose wisely among types of fish.
- Eat no more than 12 ounces of cooked fish a week.
- Do not eat shark, swordfish, king mackerel or tilefish.
- Limit albacore (white) tuna (even canned) to once a week.
- If you eat fish caught by family and friends from local waters, check local advisories about the safety of fish.
- Fish sticks and fast food sandwiches are commonly made from fish low in mercury.